CHICAGO [url=]nike air max 97 undefeated saldi[/url] , Dec. 11 (Xinhua) -- Diabetes is known to increase a person's risk of kidney disease. Now, the converse is also true: Kidney dysfunction increases the risk of diabetes, according to a study of Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.
Researchers further deduced that a likely culprit of the two-way relationship between kidney disease and diabetes is urea, the nitrogen-containing waste product in blood that comes from the breakdown of protein in foods. Kidneys normally remove urea from the blood, but it can build up when kidney function slows down.
Researchers examined medical records in national databases and evaluated the records of 1.3 million adults without diabetes over a five-year period, beginning in 2003.
A common blood test that measures the amount of urea nitrogen found in the blood showed that 117,000 of those without diabetes [url=]nike air max 97 uomo saldi[/url] , or 9 percent, had elevated urea levels, signaling poor kidney function.
Overall, those with high urea levels had a 23 percent higher risk of diabetes. In each year studied, the researchers documented new cases of diabetes in 2,989 of every 100,000 people with low urea levels and 3 [url=]nike air max 97 saldi[/url] ,677 new cases of diabetes among those with high urea levels.
"The risk difference between high and low levels is 688 cases of diabetes per 100,000 people each year," said the study's senior author Ziyad Al-Aly, an assistant professor of medicine at Washington University in St. Louis. "This means that for every 100,000 people, there would be 688 more cases of diabetes each year in those with higher urea levels."
In a mouse study published in the August 2016 Journal of Clinical Investigation, researchers induced kidney failure in mice. Subsequently [url=]nike vapormax uomo saldi[/url] , many of the animals experienced elevated urea levels, resulting in insulin resistance and impaired insulin secretion.
Al-Aly tested this in human. "Our results were almost an exact replica of the mouse study. The results showed a clear relationship between urea levels and risk of diabetes," he said.
The findings are significant because urea levels can be lowered through medication, diet and other means, thereby allowing for improved treatment and possible prevention of diabetes.
The study was published in Kidney International on Monday.
DEIR AL-ZOUR, Syria, Sept. 22 (Xinhua) -- After a six-hour drive from the capital Damascus to the northeast [url=]nike air vapormax saldi[/url] , through the desert, the only sign of reaching Deir al-Zour city was a checkpoint and a long line of concrete barriers leading to another checkpoint with soldiers manning the entrance with a stone arch sign, featuring the Syrian flag.
After crossing the checkpoint, military outposts were seen surrounding the Panorama roundabout, with no sign of people or cars in the city, which has recently seen an end of a three-year siege imposed by Islamic State (IS) militants.
Driving through the city streets was easy as no cars or people were seen, only some cars [url=]nike air max 2018 donne saldi[/url] , covered with dust, with flat tiers were seen deserted here and there.
The only cars working were military vehicles.
No electricity, or fuel in the city, which later explained the empty streets. The city looked like a ghost town, with dust filling the roads, and air, as it's surrounded by desert.
Xinhua reporters were escorted [url=]nike air max 2018 uomo saldi[/url] , along with other Syria-based reporters for foreign agencies, to the city for the first time with the Syrian army since the military forces broke the siege a couple of weeks ago.
After gathering at the Governorate building for a cup of tea and a quick snack, reporters were taken to the al-Wadi street, one of the main roads in the city.
At that popular marketplace, bone-weary people were seen for the first time by reporters. Their faces were haggard, reflecting the suffering during the siege.
Little children and young men started gathering around reporters, particularly when the governor of Deir al-Zour [url=][/url] , Mohammed Ibrahim Samra, came to deliver a briefing.
Children were pushing their way through to reach him, and one was so determined.
"I have a fever. I need to speak to him," one child told a Xinhua reporter.
Just a few meters behind the governor, a convoy of aid trucks donated by Iran was on standby as the distribution was about to begin.
As reporters were preparing to start reporting, a sudden sound of explosions started being clearly heard in the area, and that's when people started running for a hiding place.
A man standing on the sidewalk invited Xinhua reporters to take shelter in his little shop.
"It's explosive bullets [url=]nike air max 2018 saldi[/url] ," people shouted while running for shelter.
Then, the soldiers asked the reporters to leave the area and get on the bus to leave.
One soldier told Xinhua that IS militants flew drones, some of which were outfitted with guns firing explosive bullets.
"They apparently exposed our location or had someone to tip them off about our presence in the area and they started firing," he said.
Later on, it turned out that around seven people were wounded on the same street by the firing.
With the government forces in control of 75 percent of the capital city of Deir al-Zour, the terror-designated group is still holding areas close to the government-controlled ones.
But their positions have been largely exposed now that the airbase of Deir al-Zour returned operational after the siege is lifted.
At the airbase, a military commander told Xinhua and other reporters that the Syrian army secured the vicinity of the facility completely.
"The airport has become ready for the landing of warplanes and helicopters as well as civilian planes. The vicinity of the airport is completely safe as the army secured 22 km around the facility in all directions and the military part of the airport is fully functional [url=]nike air max 2018 scontate[/url] ," he said.
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